|Tipo di tesi||Tesi di laurea magistrale|
|Titolo||SPESA MILITARE E DEMOCRAZIA|
|Titolo in inglese||MILITARY EXPENDITURE AND DEMOCRACY|
|Struttura||Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi"|
|Corso di studi||Management internazionale (D.M.270/04)|
|Data inizio appello||2016-12-15|
|Disponibilità||Accesso limitato: si può decidere quali file della tesi rendere accessibili. Disponibilità mixed (scegli questa opzione se vuoi rendere inaccessibili tutti i file della tesi o parte di essi)|
|Data di rilascio||2056-12-15|
Questa tesi esamina empiricamente su scala mondiale la relazione tra spesa militare e democrazia. L’obiettivo dell’analisi è supportare la teoria secondo la quale, le democrazie abbiano una spesa militare inferiore delle dittature.
This thesis examines empirically on a global scale the relation between military expenditure and democracy. The objective of the investigation is to support the theory that democracies spend less in military, than dictatorships do. I created a database with data from 133 countries from 1988 to 2014, to examine the data I used the software Gretl. The majority of the previous papers on the determinants of military spending generally include democracy as a control variable and it is not the focus of their inquiry, just few of them investigate the relation deeply. Moreover, all the literature consider other years, no one is considering recent years as this thesis. Differently from the previous papers beyond the general information about the country: GDP per capita and population, I considered as control variables the political terror scale and the price of the Oil. It is a way to actualize this topic, since in the recent years the crude oil’s price has influenced the military spending. In order to support the thesis that democracies allocate fewer resources to the military I conducted an econometric analysis: a multiple linear regression model using the methods of ordinary least squares and fixed effects. I used separately two proxies of democracy, and I considered the military expenditures both as percentage of the GDP and expressed in Million USD. It finds that globally exists the relation between military spending and democracy, but this relation is significant just using Civil liberties as proxy of democracy. In order to have a deeper analysis, I created subsets by income level, world areas and belonging to organizations. Some subsets confirm the previous results, others reveal that the variables that influence military burden are different across countries. The main result is that there is a negative relation between democracy and military expenditure, but it is significant just using Civil liberties as proxy of democracy. Civil liberties is a robust variable in explaining the allocation of resources in military. In order to understand if the situation change consistently during the period I divided it in two parts. This show that the relation was more significant in the early years of the period.