|Tipo di tesi||Tesi di laurea magistrale|
|Titolo||Innovation policies to support business innovation in Spain and in Italy.|
|Titolo in inglese|
|Struttura||Dipartimento di Studi Linguistici e Culturali|
|Corso di studi||LANGUAGES FOR COMMUNICATION IN INTERNATIONAL ENTERPRISES AND ORGANIZATIONS - LINGUE PER LA COMUNICAZIONE NELL'IMPRESA E NELLE ORGANIZZAZIONI INTERNAZIONALI|
|Data inizio appello||2020-12-15|
|Disponibilità||Embargo di 3 anni|
|Data di rilascio||2023-12-15|
Le attività di innovazione rappresentano una delle pratiche fondamentali per lo sviluppo e crescita economica di un paese grazie all’avvento dell’Industria 4.0. Per questo motivo, la presente tesi si concentra nell’analisi delle attività di innovazione chiave adottate dalle aziende in Spagna grazie al supporto fornito dalle politiche di innovazione. L’analisi tratta della promozione delle attività di innovazione nelle aziende attraverso il supporto finanziario agli interventi strutturali, allo sviluppo di competenze specifiche e al potenziamento delle collaborazioni scientifiche a livello nazionale e internazionale per diffondere il sapere.
Innovation activities represent the core practice for the development and economic growth of a country thanks to the event of Industry 4.0. For this reason, the present dissertation focus on the analysis of the pivotal innovation activities undertaken by enterprises in Spain due to the essential support provided by innovation policies. The analysis regards particularly the fostering of innovation activity in firms through financial support to business structural changes, development of specific competencies and enhancement of national and international scientific collaboration to disseminate knowledge. The core part of the project illustrates innovation policies for R&D implemented by four national entities in Spain, namely the Ministry of Science and Innovation (MICIN), the Centre for the Development of Technology in Industry (CDTI), Spanish Research Agency (AEI) and Carlos III Health Institute (ISCIII). For this purpose, the research instruments employed consists in data from the STIP compass, a jointly initiative launched by the European Commission and OECD that is a database concerning national efforts on STI policies, as well as research articles, OECD and European Commission reports, and governmental publications. Additionally, a crosscutting analysis has been elaborated to compare innovation activities and policies established in Spain, Germany, France and Italy, to compare the different innovation advancement degree of some European countries. Moreover, it is included a comparison between the different recovery measures adopted by the four European countries to tackle COVID-19. The final part is an experimental work that aims at providing an innovation performance measurement of Italian firms. The measurement has been elaborated through an online survey in which respondents have been questioned about innovation activities, governmental support received and the impact of innovation policies on firm’s business. The survey took inspiration from the “Community Innovation Survey 2014” realized by Eurostat, hence the study highlights the main differences and methodology employed of both questionnaires.