|Tipo di tesi||Tesi di laurea magistrale|
|Titolo||Guerra Russia-Ucraina: le sanzioni dell’Unione Europea e degli Stati Uniti|
|Titolo in inglese||Russia-Ukraine war: the sanctions of the European Union and the United States|
|Struttura||Dipartimento di Comunicazione ed Economia|
|Corso di studi||Economia e diritto per le imprese e le pubbliche amministrazioni (D.M.270/04)|
|Data inizio appello||2022-07-27|
|Disponibilità||Accesso limitato: si può decidere quali file della tesi rendere accessibili. Disponibilità mixed (scegli questa opzione se vuoi rendere inaccessibili tutti i file della tesi o parte di essi)|
|Data di rilascio||2062-07-27|
Il presente elaborato si occupa di un tema estremamente attuale: quello delle sanzioni adottate da un gran numero di Paesi verso la Russia (e la Bielorussia) nell’ambito della guerra tra quest’ultima e l’Ucraina.
This script tells about an extremely topical issue: the sanctions adopted by a large number of countries against Russia (and Belarus) in the context of the war between Russia and Ukraine. The first part of the work provides an explanation of what sanctions are and examines the two main existing types adopted by states: those adopted within the framework of the United Nations pursuant to Chapter VII of the UN Charter and those adopted on the basis of autonomous from individual states. Finally, the first part deals with the issue of the effectiveness of sanctions and its consequences in relation to the issue of human rights. The script proceeds in the second part by examining the legal bases that allow the adoption of sanctions by the European Union and the United States, i.e. the regulatory process for their adoption, who are the bodies involved in these processes and the procedure appeal in front of the competent courts. For the united states it is also analyzed the issue of the extra-territoriality of sanctions and the key role that the US currency plays in this area. The work then continues with an excursus of what were the historical events that led to the outbreak of the war between Russia and Ukraine, focusing on the most significant events such as the annexation of Crimea and the proclamation of the independent popular republics of Donetsk and Lugansk in the Donbas region, and analyzing in particular the two agreements, Minsk I and II, which Europe has adopted to put an end to the conflicts. This part also explains the hostile relationship between NATO and Russia over the years since the 1990s. The paper concludes by analyzing the measures that Europe and the United States have adopted against Russia and Belarus, focusing in particular on the sanctions packages adopted in light of the recent events of 24 February 2022 and relations with the UN.