|Tipo di tesi||Tesi di laurea magistrale|
|Titolo||La politesse linguistique et le discours juridique: analyse d'un corpus de décisions de justice de la cour d'appel française|
|Titolo in inglese||Politeness theory and legal discourse: a corpus-based analysis of French second-instance judgments|
|Struttura||Dipartimento di Studi Linguistici e Culturali|
|Corso di studi||LANGUAGES FOR COMMUNICATION IN INTERNATIONAL ENTERPRISES AND ORGANIZATIONS - LINGUE PER LA COMUNICAZIONE NELL'IMPRESA E NELLE ORGANIZZAZIONI INTERNAZIONALI|
|Data inizio appello||2018-07-17|
|Disponibilità||Accesso limitato: si può decidere quali file della tesi rendere accessibili. Disponibilità mixed (scegli questa opzione se vuoi rendere inaccessibili tutti i file della tesi o parte di essi)|
|Data di rilascio||2058-07-17|
Il presente elaborato si propone di rintracciare e studiare le manifestazioni di politesse linguistique in ambito giuridico. In particolare, viene analizzato un corpus parallelo di 15 sentenze di secondo grado emanate durante un arco di tempo di sei mesi dalle varie corti d’appello operanti sul territorio francese.
The purpose of this paper is to individuate and study instances of linguistic politeness in French legal discourse. In particular, the present work analyses a corpus made of second-instance judgments issued by the various Appeal Courts operating in the French area. The first chapter focuses on the main politeness theories and takes into account the work of several authors that dedicated their speculation to this particular field of study. Among them there are Lakoff, with her “social maxim approach”, Leech with his “Politeness Principle” and most recently Watts, who focused on politeness1 and politeness2 and redefined the notion of “politic behavior”. But a closer look was taken at the politeness theories elaborated by Brown and Levinson and Kerbrat- Orecchioni, whose framework was used for the analysis of the corpus. As a matter of fact, the notions of “face-work”, “face threatening act” (FTA), positive politeness and negative politeness elaborated by the two linguists laid the basis for the modern speculation concerning politeness in human interaction. The strategies elaborated by Brown and Levinson for their “face threat mitigation” theory was afterwards criticized and adjusted by the French linguist Kerbrat Orecchioni, whose contribution to the elaboration of a modern politeness theory was of the uppermost importance. Her definition of “anti-FTA” or “FFA” (face flattering act) is maybe the most famous feature of her politeness model. The second section of our study is dedicated to the analysis of three cases concerning politeness theory and its application to the legal framework. After a brief analysis of the notion of deference, the essays and articles written by Kurzon, Harris and Gallez are examined to explain how politeness strategies are used in legal texts and interactions. The last chapter of the present work will be devoted to the analysis of a corpus made up of 15 French appellate court judgments. We will isolate recurrent strategies and exceptions concerning the use of linguistic politeness and comment upon them. We will demonstrate how the judges succeed in preserving and imposing their authority while managing the faces of the other interactants, namely the first instance judges and the other parties to the proceeding.