|Tipo di tesi||Tesi di laurea magistrale|
|Titolo||"I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested!" Analisi pragmatica dell'umorismo verbale nella sitcom americana "The Big Bang Theory"|
|Titolo in inglese||"I'm not crazy, my mother had me tested!" A pragmatic approach to understanding the workings of verbal humour in the American sitcom "The Big Bang Theory"|
|Struttura||Dipartimento di Studi Linguistici e Culturali|
|Corso di studi||LINGUE, CULTURE, COMUNICAZIONE (D.M. 270/04)|
|Data inizio appello||2015-07-14|
|Disponibilità||Accessibile via web (tutti i file della tesi sono accessibili)|
ABSTRACT The primary scope of this dissertation is to identify some of the pragmatic mechanisms that underlie the formation and perception of humour in situation comedies and try to apply them to a corpus formed by communicative exchanges between Sheldon, one of the main characters of the American sitcom The Big Bang Theory, and his friends and colleagues in order to understand what kind of humour arises and for what reasons the audience interpret certain instances as humorous. Chapter One revolves around the description of the main features that characterize sitcom. In particular, attention is given to the description of the audience’s participation framework, in order to understand how the audience approaches the vision of the sitcom. Furthermore, part of the chapter is devoted to the description of Sheldon Cooper, who is the very focus of the dissertation. Chapter Two contains the description of Raskin’s Semantic Script Theory of Humour (SSTH), which claims that jokes are formed by two overlapping and opposing scripts, whose codification should determine the correct interpretation of the joke. SSTH will then be supplemented by Alan Partington’s concept of “mental model” and his three mechanisms for the resolution of incongruities generated by humorous texts. Furthermore, an array of stylistic figures commonly used in comic discourse are taken into consideration and explained. In the light of this, and in order to understand why Sheldon’s utterances provoke laughter and how they are interpreted by the participants, fourteen excerpts of communication between Sheldon and the other characters will be selected and analysed according to Partington’s revision of the SSTH and considering the stylistic figures explained. In Chapter Three the phenomenon of “impoliteness” is explored in depth, for it is considered one of the most effective devices for the creation of humour in the sitcom in object. The contribution to the impoliteness framework that is majorly taken into consideration is Culpeper’s Impoliteness Theory, by means of which he has tried to explain the use of impoliteness in human communication. Culpeper’s theory will be integrated by Brown and Levinson’s concepts of “positive face” and “negative face”, and by the definitions of “relational work”, “experiential norms” and “social norms”, “rudeness” and “power”, that have been introduced by Culpeper himself. The theory will then be applied to eleven excerpts of communication between Sheldon and the other characters in order to understand how impoliteness can engender hilarious outcomes.