|Tipo di tesi||Tesi di laurea magistrale|
|Titolo||Analisi delle delocalizzazioni e delle strategie di risposta di multinazionali dei semiconduttori nel contesto di crisi globale dei chip.|
|Titolo in inglese||Analysis of multinational semiconductor companies’ offshoring and response strategies amid global chip shortage.|
|Struttura||Dipartimento di Studi Linguistici e Culturali|
|Corso di studi||LANGUAGES FOR COMMUNICATION IN INTERNATIONAL ENTERPRISES AND ORGANIZATIONS - LINGUE PER LA COMUNICAZIONE NELL'IMPRESA E NELLE ORGANIZZAZIONI INTERNAZIONALI|
|Data inizio appello||2022-07-19|
|Disponibilità||Accesso limitato: si può decidere quali file della tesi rendere accessibili. Disponibilità mixed (scegli questa opzione se vuoi rendere inaccessibili tutti i file della tesi o parte di essi)|
|Data di rilascio||2062-07-19|
Il tema della crisi dei semiconduttori riguarda ormai un ampio ventaglio di industrie: dall’elettronica di consumo all’automotive, dall’informatica alla sanità. Questo perché i processori e microprocessori che ne vengono ricavati rappresentano il cervello di qualunque dispositivo elettronico. Il Covid-19 rappresenta solo l’ultima goccia di un vaso fin troppo colmo per poter sopportare gli eventi imprevisti (disastri naturali, guerre dei dazi etc.) che hanno portato a una preoccupante riduzione dell’offerta a fronte di una domanda sempre più crescente di chip.
The issue of the semiconductor crisis by now concerns a wide range of industries: from consumer electronics to automotive, from IT to healthcare. That is because processors and microprocessors made from such materials represent the brain of any electronic device. The Covid-19 represents just the tip of the iceberg of a series of unforeseen events (natural disasters, tariff wars, etc.) that have led to a dramatic reduction in supply against an ever increasing demand for chips. The aim of this research paper is to try to understand how such a catastrophic global chip crisis occurred; by investigating into the origins, the current scenario and the future implications. In doing so, an analysis of the world's top 50 semiconductor companies was carried out. More specifically, an investigation was conducted on the choices made by these companies regarding the countries to which they offshored the different phases of chip production (design, manufacturing, testing and assembly, packaging), in an attempt to understand the reasons why certain countries and/or continents were selected for a specific phase rather than others, and to identify common trends among the companies in terms of the drivers of these decisions. Further analysis was then carried out on the companies' response strategies to the global chip crisis. In particular, concerning what corporate choices were made in order to respond to this massive crisis, and here as well, an examination was made of whether there were common trends that led to empirical regularity, or not. Finally, an overview is provided concerning the resilience plans put forward by the world's major governments with the aim, as will be shown, of achieving a certain level of self-sufficiency in chip production so as to reduce (and eliminate in the long run) the over-dependence on other countries, apparently identified as the primary cause of the brutal impact of the crisis on their economies. In this regard, it has been investigated whether reshoring really represents the solution to better tackle future supply chain crises and to mitigate the related supply chains 'bottlenecks', or whether there are alternative solutions to this growing nationalism of semiconductors and thus whether a well-organised collaboration and cooperation between countries represents the right path towards stronger and more resilient global economies.