|Tipo di tesi||Tesi di laurea magistrale|
|Titolo||Politiche per l'innovazione e la loro valutazione: pratiche nel Regno Unito|
|Titolo in inglese||Innovation Policies and Their Evaluation: practices in the United Kingdom|
|Struttura||Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi"|
|Corso di studi||Economia e politiche pubbliche (D.M.270/04)|
|Data inizio appello||2021-04-15|
|Disponibilità||Accesso limitato: si può decidere quali file della tesi rendere accessibili. Disponibilità mixed (scegli questa opzione se vuoi rendere inaccessibili tutti i file della tesi o parte di essi)|
|Data di rilascio||2061-04-15|
Le politiche di innovazione sono considerate un settore centrale dell’azione pubblica. Questo lavoro si propone di analizzare le caratteristiche delle politiche per l’innovazione nell’era digitale e le metodologie utilizzate per la loro valutazione. Il contesto del Regno Unito è utilizzato come case study per la profonda cultura valutativa e per la presenza di modelli definiti dalle istituzioni pubbliche per guidare le pratiche di valutazione di queste politiche.
Innovation policies are considered a central domain of the current policy making agenda. This work aims to analyse the characteristics of innovation policies in the current digital age and the methodologies adopted for their evaluation. The UK context represents a useful case study because of its deep evaluation culture and the presence of evaluation models defined by public institutions in order to guide the practices in this field. Innovation policies are the result of a long process of definition in conjunction with the innovation theory development. Tools, beneficiaries and objectives have progressively changed on the basis of the innovation process understanding. A plethora of rationales nowadays characterizes the heterogeneous spectrum of innovation policies and a unique coherent theoretical framework cannot be defined. In recent decades, the Digital Revolution has gradually shaped the innovation processes and products, bringing new critical challenges that policy makers should deal with to protect legitimate interests and social groups that are particularly penalized by the ongoing socioeconomic transformations. Despite their relevance, innovation policy evaluations have not consistently developed from traditional approaches. Empirical studies demonstrate that the higher complexity of interventions to support innovation have not led to more sophisticated evaluation methods. The work is divided in two main parts, both composed by three chapters. The first part is focused on the definition of the innovation policies, starting from the innovation theories (Chapter 1) and the identification of the main challenges brought by the digital transition (Chapter 2). Afterward, the system of innovation policies in the United Kingdom is analysed starting from the database of the STIP Compass launched in 2018 by a joint initiative of the OECD and the EU Commission (Chapter 3). The second part of the work focuses on the evaluation of innovation policies. The main contributions from empirical analysis and the evaluation models are presented. In addition, the methodology used for the analysis of a set of assessments carried out between 2013 and 2020 is discussed (Chapter 4). The assessment documents are analysed through a textual analysis which has been carried out with the software Atlas.ti in order to verify the correspondence between the evaluation models and the actual practices (Chapter 5). Finally, a network analysis is carried out to identify how the policies’ features are related to the methodological issues of evaluation practices (Chapter 6).