|Tipo di tesi||Tesi di dottorato di ricerca|
|Autore||LUZIATELLI, MARIA FRANCESCA|
|Titolo||Prototipi di storie. Sulle narrazioni contemporanee come terapia.|
|Titolo in inglese||Stories Prototypes. On Contemporary Narratives as Therapy.|
|Settore scientifico disciplinare||L-FIL-LET/14 - CRITICA LETTERARIA E LETTERATURE COMPARATE|
|Corso di studi||SCIENZE UMANISTICHE|
|Data inizio appello||2018-03-22|
|Disponibilità||Accessibile via web (tutti i file della tesi sono accessibili)|
L'obiettivo della presente tesi di dottorato è teorizzare la valenza terapeutica delle narrazioni contemporanee rispetto alla sofferenza generata dai traumi e alle osticità nella comunicazione con l'altro.
The aim of this PhD thesis is to theorize the therapeutic value of contemporary narratives about suffering from trauma and difficulty in communication with the others. The thesis question is how narrative can support the complexity of the cognitive, emotional and perceptual sphere, starting from studies on narrative simulation, transport and identification processes, to investigate cases where factual recovery and narrative counterfactual simulation reinforce meanings' reconstruction and understanding. The thesis builds hypotheses on stories-prototypes that coordinate story and plot of memory and detail the story-grammar, to achieve an attempt of union between narrative theories and theories about the post-traumatic stress disorder and autism spectrum disorders - both in-depth as emblematic cases where the metaphorical structure of narrative has an effect on the fear of intolerable memories (with soothing effect), and on 'difficult' communication (with easing effect). Specifically, we find in the reconstitution of the narrative sequences about real events, the therapeutic potential of narratives in case of dramatic events that interrupt the development of individual identity: the developed hypothesis wants to show that the user shares empathically a backward path with the protagonist, recovering the perceptive memory, deliberately removed, to restore personal equilibrium. The thesis continues by questioning the characteristics of the narratives that are useful in creating openings in the communicative relationship: after exploring the development of empathic skills in the simulation of narratives (studied as labs of social worlds), the elaborate explores the role of narration in defining parasocial relations, preparing for comparison with otherness. The storyline presented, contemplates narrative elements relating to both story-grammar and stories' video modality, supported in particular by studies of the social effects of narratives, on the storytelling skills in people with autism spectrum disorders and emotional attachment testing to the stories you enjoy in video. The discussion ultimately reflects on the ability of contemporary narratives to respond to the need to create a common vocabulary, relevant to the introspective dimension; generating - despite the primacy conferred on the private sphere - an undifferentiated democracy of emotional nature.