|Tipo di tesi||Tesi di laurea magistrale|
|Titolo||La nazione estone: la costruzione dell'identità nazionale e le relazioni con la Russia|
|Titolo in inglese||The Estonian Nation: National Identity and Relations with Russia|
|Struttura||Dipartimento di Studi Linguistici e Culturali|
|Corso di studi||LINGUE PER LA COMUNICAZIONE NELL'IMPRESA E NELLE ORGANIZZAZIONI INTERNAZIONALI (D.M. 270/04)|
|Data inizio appello||2017-02-21|
|Disponibilità||Accesso limitato: si può decidere quali file della tesi rendere accessibili. Disponibilità mixed (scegli questa opzione se vuoi rendere inaccessibili tutti i file della tesi o parte di essi)|
|Data di rilascio||2057-02-21|
Il presente studio si pone l’obiettivo di analizzare il processo di costruzione dell’identità estone e il suo ruolo nei rapporti con la vicina Russia, partendo dalle sue prime manifestazioni nel XIX secolo fino alla sua riemersione alla fine degli anni Ottanta del Novecento, dopo cinquant’anni di governo sovietico.
The present study analyses the identity construction process in Estonia and the role it has played in the interstate relations with Russia, from its first manifestations in the early 19th century to the present day. From a methodological point of view, the analysis takes into account the concept of identity and the one of historical collective memory, as well as the roles played by nations and minorities in post-Soviet space. Parallel to this, the research looks at the process identity construction in Estonia, its main principles and the role it has played in the road to independence. Lastly, on the basis of the theory of the triadic nexus devised by Rogers Brubaker, the analysis has been focused on the reaffirmation of the Estonian identity after regaining independence, which is based on the concept of restitution of the State to its legitimate citizens and on the construction of a nation-State, based on the centrality of the Estonian language and culture, as well as a peculiar narration of the recent past. After a close examination of some of the nationalizing policies implemented by the Estonian governments the initial hypothesis is confirmed: these policies led to the isolation of the Russian-speaking community, thus paving the way for further claims on civil rights. Those claims have become of paramount importance for the Russian state, the respect of them has been made one of the main objectives of Russian foreign policy. Furthermore, differing visions of the recent past have become one of the main fields of confrontation between Estonia and Russia, the latter resting its main identity building discourse on the glorification of the memory of the victory in World War II. The confrontation on both civil rights of the minorities, as well as historical discourse, has led to a progressive deterioration of the relations between the two states, not up to the point to hinder a potential improvement.